Can You Be Muslim and Vegan? Exploring the Intersection of Religion and Veganism

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## Introduction

In a world grappling with climate change and the ethical treatment of animals, many individuals find themselves at a crossroads where their religious beliefs intersect with their dietary choices. The decision to adopt a vegan lifestyle can be particularly challenging for those who follow religious traditions with specific guidelines on food consumption. This article delves into the question: Can you be Muslim and vegan? What about Jewish or Christian? The answer, it seems, depends on who you ask. Let’s explore Can You Be Muslim and Vegan? Exploring the Intersection of Religion and Veganism.

The Vegan Journey of Lujayn Hawari

Lujayn Hawari, a 27-year-old Palestinian journalist, grew up in a moderately conservative Muslim household in Brisbane. When she made the decision to become vegan in 2016, her parents were deeply unhappy, viewing her choice as an affront to their religion. However, Lujayn’s veganism was motivated by a much bigger crisis happening outside her home – the devastating impact of climate change.

As a millennial, Lujayn felt the weight of a deteriorating world on her shoulders, which began to take a toll on her mental health. She sought a purpose that would allow her to make a positive impact and provide her with a reason to wake up every morning. Simultaneously, she struggled to balance her Muslim and Australian identities, feeling increasingly alienated as she attempted to forge her own path.

Questioning Traditions and Embracing Veganism

As Lujayn embarked on a journey of self-discovery, she started questioning the traditions and beliefs deeply ingrained in her religion and culture. She critically examined aspects of her diet, particularly the role of meat, and began researching the environmental impact of animal agriculture. What she discovered hit her hard – livestock, including cows, release methane, a potent greenhouse gas contributing to climate change.

Motivated by her newfound knowledge, Lujayn made an overnight decision to cut out dairy from her diet, followed by the complete removal of all animal products. This change was met with fierce resistance from her father, who believed she was defying Islam by rejecting the bounty God had provided. Undeterred, Lujayn embarked on an Honours thesis on veganism in Islamic religions, aiming to show her father that being vegan and Muslim can coexist harmoniously.

Interpreting Religious Guidelines: Islam

In Islam, the Qu’ran distinguishes between foods that are considered “halal” (permissible) and “haram” (non-permissible). Pork and alcohol are explicitly forbidden, while other meats must be slaughtered in the name of God using a specific method to minimize the animal’s pain. However, the Qu’ran also advises moderation in meat consumption and considers all plant-based foods to be halal by default. The Prophet Muhammad himself consumed minimal amounts of meat, reserving it for special occasions.

While Lujayn’s father initially believed that her veganism would lead her to eternal damnation, she sought to present him with a comprehensive research article demonstrating that being vegan aligns with Islamic principles. She also discovered a community of young people who shared her beliefs but faced difficulties adopting a vegan lifestyle due to cultural and familial pressures.

Navigating Dietary Guidelines: Judaism

Like Islam, Judaism has specific dietary guidelines outlined in its holy texts. The Torah delineates which animals are permitted for consumption and which should be avoided. Forbidden foods include pork, shellfish, birds of prey, reptiles, rodents, and most insects. Derived products from prohibited animals, such as rennet and gelatin, are also considered non-kosher.

However, there are ongoing debates within the Jewish community regarding certain foods. For example, the kosher status of certain duck species and a newly discovered chicken type in Europe have sparked discussions among religious scholars. While plant-based products are not automatically deemed kosher, they can offer alternative options for kosher consumers, particularly in dishes that traditionally combine dairy and meat.

Ethical Reflections: Christianity

Christianity, with its emphasis on a personal relationship with God through Jesus, tends to have a more flexible approach to dietary choices. While some Christians choose to abstain from eating meat for ethical reasons, not all share this view. The belief that animals are gifts from God and can provide sustenance for humans often shapes Christian perspectives on meat consumption.

Different interpretations exist among Christian denominations and individual believers. Some Christians prioritize non-violence and celebrate life, leading them to adopt vegetarian or vegan diets. Others view their dietary choices as a personal decision, allowing the consumption of meat while emphasizing the ethical treatment of animals.

The Role of Religious Communities in Addressing Climate Change

Religious communities possess a unique opportunity to address climate change through their dietary choices. The Australian Religious Response to Climate Change (ARRCC) recognizes the importance of reducing meat consumption and encourages people of faith to make small, incremental changes in their diets. Their “Eat Less Meat” campaign has been promoting the idea of having at least one meat-free day per week for the past 15 years.

Across various faith traditions, caring for the Earth is considered a shared responsibility. Personal choices, including dietary habits, can contribute to a collective effort to combat climate change. The ARRCC emphasizes that each individual’s behavior matters and can make a significant impact, no matter how small.

Bridging Religion and Science

Thea Ormerod, president of the ARRCC, believes that religious ideology and scientific truth can coexist and even complement each other. She argues that religious teachings emphasize love, compassion, and the importance of caring for creation, while scientific evidence highlights the environmental consequences of certain dietary choices.

Lujayn Hawari also echoes this sentiment, urging fellow young people of faith to reconcile their religious beliefs with the urgent need for environmental stewardship. She believes that religious scriptures often encourage scientific inquiry and research and should be adapted to address the challenges of the modern world.


The question of whether one can be Muslim, Jewish, or Christian and vegan is not easily answered. It requires navigating complex interpretations of religious texts and traditions, as well as personal beliefs and values. However, individuals like Lujayn Hawari demonstrate that it is possible to find harmony between religious identity and veganism by engaging in critical thinking, research, and open dialogue.

As religious communities grapple with the pressing environmental concerns of our time, the intersection of religion and veganism becomes increasingly relevant. By embracing the shared values of compassion, care for creation, and personal responsibility, people of faith can contribute to a more sustainable and ethical world – one plate at a time.

So, can you be Muslim and vegan? It seems that the answer is a resounding yes, provided one engages in thoughtful reflection, research, and a willingness to challenge existing norms and interpretations.

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